in the digital era
A presentation
What are the challenges for higher education (in Kazakhstan)?
CHALLENGE 1: how to prepare students for Jobs of the future?
"Of children entering primary school today… 65 % will end up working in job categories… that do not yet exist."

World Economic Forum
CHALLENGE 2: Disconnect between education and employer needs in Kazakhstan
High un/under-employment after graduation
Companies have difficulties to find skilled employees
CHALLENGE 3: Digital economy now and in the future
  • Lesson Coronavirus crisis: Digital services could even grow despite (and thanks to) the restrictions
  • "Hundreds of millions of new jobs are created in the digital economy the coming 5 years." (McKinsey)
  • "1/3 of the GDP of China is produced in the Digital Economy." ($ 4.7 trillion per year) (Alibaba)
  • "Increasing demand for "ICT-complementary skills" = work in a technology rich environment." (OECD)
CHALLENGE 4: e-learning is part of any learning
  • Lesson 1 Coronavirus: e-learning is more than publishing assignments and readings on-line, or streaming classes
  • Lesson 2 Coronavirus: vast majority schools, colleges and universities were and are not ready for e-learning (not only in Kazakhstan!)
  • Blended learning (combining e-learning and in-class learning) will be the "new normal"
CHALLENGE 5: NO HIGH quality skills based higher education in Kazakhstan
  • Universities too theoretical and out-dated knowledge
  • Colleges of low quality, in practice not recognized by companies for entry level jobs
  • No Universities of Applied Sciences, focused on vocational and professional tracks as alternative to general university tracks
ANSWERS on how to cope with the challenges
ANSWER 1: focus on transferable skills
ICT complementary skills:
  • digital literacy and numeracy
  • coding
  • trouble shooting
Professional social skills:
  • goal setting
  • collaboration
  • communication
Personal skills:
  • critical thinking
  • problem solving
  • Initiative
  • agility
Language ability (different languages)
ANSWER 2: focus on up-to-date skills
Continuous input what skills needed by companies to keep degree programmes up-to-date
Introduction micro-internships next to final year internships
Integration professional qualifications and certificates into the degree programmes
General universities: 80 % knowledge / 20 % skills versus, Universities of Applied Sciences: 50 % knowledge / 50 % skills, Colleges: 30 % knowledge / 70 % skills
ANSWER 3: focus ON digital economy
Develop and offer new degree programmes and courses that prepare specialists needed in the digital economy
Redesign existing degree programmes and courses to include skills needed to work in a ICT "heavy" environment
Integrate modules from digital economy companies into the degree programmes
ANSWER 4: Integrate e-learning as part of all learning
Develop e-learning portal as the main access point for learning with a wide variety of resources for all courses (projects, videos, gaming, self-tests, teacher-student communication and feed-back, etc.)
Introduce blended learning and flipped classroom to optimize in-class learning
In USA 25 % of university students take fully/blended on-line courses, in Kazakhstan 5 %
ANSWER 5: introduce universities of applied sciences and new colleges
Focus on up-to-date technical, professional and transferable skills
Model to and collaborate with the best international universities of applied sciences and colleges
Programmes developed and delivered in collaboration with Kazakh and international companies
International quality standards through educational franchise programmes

than 700,000 students study in UK programs outside the UK" (The Economist)
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